I love to hate you

I’m home, and still thinking about hate crimes against GLBT individuals. I did some digging through the FBI’s pdf files and came up with this info. My head is swimming. By the way, bear in mind that not all hate crimes are reported.

  • In 2004, 2,046 agencies reported 7,649 incidents involving 9,035 offenses. There were 7,642 single-bias incidents and 7 multiple-bias incidents. Among the single-bias incidents, bias against sexual orientation accounted for 15.7 percent. Bias against a particular sexual orientation accounted for 1,406 offenses within single-bias hate crime incidents. 60.8 percent of these offenses resulted from an anti-male homosexual bias, 21.1 percent from an anti-homosexual bias, 14.3 percent from an anti-female homosexual bias, 2.5 percent from an anti-heterosexual bias, and 1.3 percent from an anti-bisexual bias. Intimidation accounted for 31.3 percent of hate crimes reported. Of the five bias-motivated murders reported, one murder stemmed from a bias against homosexual individuals. Of the 112 bias-motivated robberies reported, 33.0 percent were because of bias against sexual-orientation. Of the 44 arsons that law enforcement agencies reported as bias-motivated crimes, sexual-orientation bias accounted for 11.4 percent. Thirty-four percent of the 1,197 single-bias incidents that were motivated by a sexual-orientation bias occurred at residences or homes. Nearly one-fourth (24.9 percent) of the incidents happened on highways, roads, alleys, or streets; and 12.5 percent occurred at schools or colleges.
  • In 2003, a total of 9,100 individuals, businesses, institutions, or society as a whole were victims of hate crimes. Additionally, 16.3 percent of total single-bias hate crime victims were attacked because of the offender’s prejudice against sexual-orientation…Within the 1,430 single-bias hate crime offenses perpetrated due to a sexual-orientation bias, law enforcement identified 61.6 percent as having an anti-male homosexual bias. In addition, 21.3 percent were due to an anti-homosexual bias, 15.4 percent were committed because of an anti-female homosexual bias, 1.0 percent were driven by an anti-heterosexual bias, and 0.6 percent involved an anti-bisexual bias. 14 reported murders were biased motivated; 6 murders were motivated by the victim’s sexual-orientation. 5 forcible rapes were bias motivated; 3 forcible rapes were motivated by the victim’s sexual orientation. 36 out of 107 robberies were motivated by a sexual-orientation bias.
  • In 2002, a total of 9,222 individuals,businesses, institutions,or society as a whole were victims of hate crimes. Additionally,16.4 percent of total single-bias hate crime victims were attacked because of the offender’s prejudice against the victim’s sexual-orientation;…The 2002 data included reports of 1,464 offenses caused by a sexual-orientation bias. Of these, male homosexuals were the targets of 65.4 percent of the attacks. Law enforcement attributed the remaining offenses to anti-homosexual bias, 17.7 percent; anti-female homosexual bias, 14.1 percent; anti-heterosexual bias, 1.8 percent; and anti-bisexual bias, 1.0 percent. There were 11 homicides motivated by hate bias, 4 of which were motivated by sexual-orientation bias. 3 forcible rapes were motivated by a sexual orientation bias. Out of 130 single-bias incident robberies, 43 stemmed from sexual-orientation bias.
  • In 2001, of the 11,451 offenses reported, 67.8 percent were crimes against Sexual-orientation bias (1,592 offenses) made up 13.9 percent of all offenses within the single-bias incidents. Within this bias category, anti-male homosexual bias motivated 69.3 percent of offenses, anti-female homosexual bias accounted for 15.4 percent, and bias against homosexuals as a group, 13.0 percent. Anti-heterosexual and anti-bisexual bias accounted for the remainder. There were 10 hate-motivated murders in 2001. Of these, 1 was attributed to sexual-orientation bias.
  • In 2000, 8,063 bias-motivated criminal incidents were reported to the FBI. 16.1 percent of reported incidents were by sexual-orientation bias. 19 hate-motivated murders were reported to the national Uniform Crime Reporting Program by participating law enforcement agencies. Of this total, 2 hate-motivated murders were motivated by sexual-orientation bias. Victims of sexual-orientation bias accounted for 15.7 percent of all single-bias hate crime victims in 2000. Anti-male homosexual bias composed 68.0 percent of those who were victims of sexual-orientation bias. 19 hate-motivated murders were reported to the national UCR Program by participating law enforcement agencies. Of this total, 2 of the murders were motivated by by sexual-orientation bias.
  • In 1999, 7,876 bias-motivated criminal incidents were reported to the FBI. Intimidation was the most frequently reported hate crime; it accounted for 35 percent of the total. Victims of sexual-orientation bias accounted for 16 percent of all hate crime victims in 1999. Anti-male homosexual bias accounted for 69 percent of those who were victims of sexual-orientation-bias crimes. Of the 17 murders reported among hate-motivated incidents, sexual-orientation bias motivated 3 of the incidents.
  • During 1998, a total of 7,755 bias-motivated criminal incidents were reported to the FBI. 1,260 by sexual-orientation bias. Thirteen persons were murdered in 1998 in hate-motivated incidents, 4 of which were motivated by sexual orientation.

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    Timothy J. Lambert is allegedly a writer.
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    32 Responses to I love to hate you

    1. n8an says:

      It’s hard to feel special when you turn me into one in thousands. Shame on you! ;)

      (I joke because it’s that or screaming or curling up in a ball or…)

    2. ladooshka says:

      It is very scary! numbers increased drastically, it’s sad and so frustrating! why not to let people who have different sexual preferences to enjoy their lives, why not to leave them alone. It’s not that they made a choice, the nature made the choice for all of us.

    3. Why has it increased? What do you think the reason is? I got into a huge discussion last night about this post, and then I got angry. It makes NO sense, none what so ever. We are more educated, or so I thought. Bob says it’s overpopulation, but that didn’t make sense to me either…I said maybe these cases are happening more in rual areas were ignorance is prevalient, but I am sure not all of these were in rural areas. What gives? One step forward, 100 steps back?

      • It’s difficult to say whether or not these crimes happen more in rural or urban areas. Urban areas have higher populations, which we assume would have more instances of hate crimes. However, rural areas are supposedly more ignorant, or less policed so suspects are less likely to be apprehended. These figures are based on law enforcement agencies participating in a particular program, so the numbers are really an indication of fact, not indicative of the whole truth. There were some handy maps with figures based on regions, but I don’t think I saw one based solely on sexual orientation discrimination bias cases. But I would be willing to say instances of those hate crimes are split evenly between rural and urban locales. Whether it’s a gay man being beaten and robbed in a big city, or a lesbian whose home in the country has just been torched, it happens everywhere.

    4. Anonymous says:

      *sigh*

      I hate to be the contrarian — I really do — but I’m not seeing exactly what everyone else seems to be seeing here. With the exception of 2001 (which no doubt shows a huge spike in overall numbers but a slight decline in anti-gay bias percentages due to reaction to the 9/11 attacks) the anti-GLBT percentage seems to be hovering at a constant 16%. And I would submit that the 14% overall increase in reports between 1998 and 2004 could very well be the result of better record-keeping and the fact that the number of reporting law-enforcement agencies has continued to expand every year.

      So am I saying that anti-GLBT bias and violence is not a problem? Of course not. I just don’t think it’s a dramatically escalating epidemic. Sad as it is that Kevin Aviance was beaten last week, that’s indicative of nothing except the fact that one individual was the victim of anti-gay violence last week. The same thing happened the week before, and the month before, and the season before… but Towleroad and Joe My God and Queerty weren’t covering those crimes like a presidential assassination, so it was easier to ignore them.

      Uh… I guess I should probably end my rant here. Before I say even more that I’m going to regret.

      • Anonymous says:

        By the way, that ranter was me.

        –Famous Author Rob Byrnes

      • I’m not sure I understand how 9/11 is connected to anti-gay bias hate crimes. Personally, my concern is that there is a problem and it’s the fact that it is a consistant unchanging problem that has concerned me for years. That we seem to think, “Oh, well. It’s our lot in life to assaulted. Let’s go shopping.”

        • Anonymous says:

          Um… three things:

          1. I did not say that 9/11 was the cause of an increase in anti-gay bias crimes. But as you know there was a spike in anti-Muslim bias crimes in 2001, thus contributing to a 40% overall increase in reported bias crimes in 2001. Doing some quick math (in my head; you can check my figures later) there would have been a corresponding 23% (+/-) increase in reported anti-gay bias crimes during the same period; which, or course, is cause for concern, but:

          2. Since each year there is more sophisticated reporting of these crimes, and since more agencies contribute to that reporting, it’s hard to make a valid comparison simply by looking at raw numbers. More reported bias crimes might (and probably do) reflect more reporting, not more crimes.

          3. I hope you don’t think my attitude is “Oh, well. It’s our lot in life to assaulted. Let’s go shopping.” That’s not at all what I meant to convey, and I apologize if I gave that impression. Quite the contrary, as a matter of fact: I get annoyed when Kevin Aviance becomes the gay-bash victim cause celebre because that underscores the fact that the media and bloggers — especially the gay media and gay bloggers — seem to focus their attention on anti-gay bias crimes on a selective basis. Kevin Aviance gets attacked: NEWS! Joe Smith gets attacked: who?

          To note, as I did, that things are not necessarily getting worse is not the same as accepting the status quo. The numbers should approach zero for all categories. Perhaps I should have written that out, but I assumed — incorrectly, it seems — that it would have been a given.

          And now I will exit the discussion.

          • I didn’t say that you said anything, Rob. I just said that I didn’t understand how 9/11 had anything to do w/gay bias crimes. Now I do, thanks for clearing that up. I also said it was my concern that the general attitude seems to be “Oh, well. Let’s go shopping.” I didn’t mean to imply that you shared that opinion.

            I pretty much agree with everything you’ve said here, Rob. If you you want to lump me in with the others who think of Kevin Aviance as “the gay-bash victim cause celebre,” that’s up to you. But I’ve been concerned about violence against our community for a long time before this. Plus, I get pissed off at myself, because what the fuck am I doing about it, other than writing gay fiction in an effort to convince people that we live ordinary lives just like straight people, and should be treated the same? (We wrote about gay bashing in Three Fortunes, and SOMEONE LIKE YOU, as well as some of the other TJB books to a certain extent.) Or, writing in my LJ about it occasionally? It’s not like millions of people are influenced by what I write.

            Whatever. I guess I’ll go shopping.

            • You know, I had to post to this because my friend Pam wrote in her LJ today a post of pictures expressing “Is it worth it?” in the subject line. These pictures were of people, from different times, being the victims of war. It was powerful to look at, but at the same time, I couldn’t say whether or not I thought it was worth it. Mostly because unless I live there in those countries, or in those situations, all I have to go on are the media examples and photos from web sites or other blogs. In effect, I seriously had an epiphany that unless I could actually experience the suffering first hand, I would be ignorant to whether or not it was worth it to have war.
              With gay bashing, I can feel the need for more education, more understanding, and empathy, but seriously, unless I am there, in the shoes of the person being discriminated against, or being beaten because of who I am, I can not in all honesty relate. And I will go as far as to say, that no straight white person could ever know what it is like to be gay, discriminated against in that fashion through society, and or what it feels like when a gay person sees or hears of another gay person being beaten to death for who they are. If any straight person says they do, well, they are lying. I have many friends who are gay, and I love them for who they are, but I would never dare say I understand what they go through, wanting to get married, or wanting to adopt, or wanting to live without hate. I will never experience that. I am white and straight.

            • And I have no idea what it’s like to be gay-bashed. But I look at and think about people that I know and love, and I don’t want any harm to come to any of us. Or, for those I know who have been attacked, I don’t want it to happen again. To them or to anyone else.

            • That’s just it. I don’t want to see anyone treated like that anywhere! It’s awful that people don’t feel like I do, or we do. I guess, I just want to do more to help.

            • n8an says:

              When I had my experience (he says, attempting a clinical statement), one of the thousands of things that stood out was how badly the policemen wanted me to press charges and attempt to name names (or, rather, generate descriptions, etc).

              I’m with on this one – I think a lot of the number-rising might not necessarily be due to more crimes occuring so much as more people reporting crimes. The officer I dealt with the most told me that something close to half of the cases he knows happened never go anywhere because the victim didn’t want to. This was nigh on ten years ago, so I really don’t know how that figure has changed. I wonder if he’d remember me if I tried to track him down.

          • Frames of references are so interesting. When Tim first posted this, I remember going immediately to the 2001 figures to examine them, because I’d read that there was an overall decrease in victim crimes during the last quarter of that year, specifically in NYC. (My sociology minor and criminology courses always kick in when I read about crime.)

            So I was curious about why the number jumped from previous years. And I guess because I’m not Muslim or of Arabic descent, the increase in hate crimes against people who are didn’t occur to me. I’m dense sometimes. I’m glad you pointed it out, Rob. Not that I’m dense, but why there would have been an increase.

            There just seem to be so many variables. If hate crimes are occurring more often or are just being reported more often. If it’s worse in rural areas but less reported because there can be greater repercussions to the victim. If zero tolerance for hate speech or harassment in schools helps reduce the numbers. If education of law enforcement officials helps. If proper punishment acts as a deterrent. If publicizing the lunacy of the “gay panic” defense can shame our legal and judicial systems into disallowing it.

            A volunteer patrol group was formed in Houston in the 1970s to help cut down on bashing in the Montrose area. Apparently it succeeded to the point that the volunteers lost interest. Then a brutal murder of a gay man in 1991 gave rise to Q Patrol, another all-volunteer group. Again, the group seems to have fallen victim to its own success. If there’s not a rash of hate crimes, interest wanes–both for volunteers and for donations. Until the next time…

            So I suppose when Shannon asks what an individual can do, the main things I can think of are keeping the topic alive in the public debate even when there’s not a highly-publicized incident (and I think Tim has often done this on his LJ because I know it’s one of those things that’s bothered him for a long time). Speaking up where and when you can.

            Ever heard a group of teens use the word “gay” as an insult? Heard them calling each other “fag” as a joke? Did you say anything? It can be hard to know the best way to react or even whether to react, because you know they just hear a lot of blah-blah-blah. But I always remember this time I was working as a temp (this was in 1991) and a guy came up to me and said he had a joke for me. He knew NOTHING about me, so just in case, I quickly said, “If it’s an AIDS joke or a gay joke or a black joke or a dumb broad joke, I don’t want to hear it.” He told it anyway, and it was an AIDS joke. I said, “I told you that I didn’t want to hear it. There’s nothing funny about AIDS.” He made some comment about my lack of a sense of humor and walked away. And then, this little Southern woman, as country as she could be, who’d never talked to me about anything before except her husband and baby and recipes, stood up from her cubicle and said to me, “I’m glad you said that to him. I don’t think there’s anything funny about AIDS either.”

            You never know who’s listening. You never know how it’ll empower them if you speak up. You never know how it’ll help YOU to know other people agree with you. This is true of all straight allies, wherever we find ourselves. We have to speak up, so that people know that just because “it’s not my problem” doesn’t mean it doesn’t affect us all.

            Or you can give money or volunteer time to groups like Q Patrol so they don’t go out of existence until shocked back into action. Or if you live in a place where there are likely to be hate crimes, you can be vigilant and call the police if you suspect something is happening.

            I don’t know, Shannon, that’s all I can come up with off the top of my head.

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